During the period of European colonial expansion, from the seventeenth through the twentieth centuries, non- Muslim merchants and missionaries, soldiers and colonial administrators came to dominate much of the Muslim world. The Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, British, and French all developed colonial empires, and the Chinese and Russians also expanded their territories into Muslim- majority regions. Afghanistan and central Arabia avoided colonial domination. The Dutch ruled most of present-day Indonesia, while the Spanish controlled parts of North Africa and the Philippines. Such foreign domination was not only humiliating for many Muslims, particularly social elites, but also threatened the very foundations of Islamic society, as European rulers replaced traditional Muslim educational, legal and governmental institutions with Western ones.
Muslim world - Wikipedia
This is not fanciful in the least. We have a jihadist in the White House who is doing everything to help implement this year Islamic plan. Obama helped the Islamic State achieve it current size and strength by doing such things as this is nowhere near a comprehensive list :. Sending billions through various nefarious means.
Islamic history from 1683 to the present: reform, dependency, and recovery
Akbar Ahmed was born a subject of the British Raj. He rose to represent Pakistan as its high commissioner in the United Kingdom. Since retiring from government, he has taught at American University in Washington, D. His newest book, Journey into Europe , is the culmination of years of study of the Muslim migration northward, which has accelerated dramatically since the Syrian Civil War.
The terms Muslim world and Islamic world commonly refer to the Islamic community Ummah , consisting of all those who adhere to the religion of Islam ,  or to societies where Islam is practiced. The history of the Muslim world spans about years and includes a variety of socio-political developments, as well as advances in the arts, science, philosophy, and technology, particularly during the Islamic Golden Age. All Muslims look for guidance to the Quran and believe in the prophetic mission of Muhammad , but disagreements on other matters have led to appearance of different religious schools and branches within Islam. In the modern era, most of the Muslim world came under influence or colonial domination of European powers.